Oxford, Provisions of

These were set down at the parliament held at Oxford, June 1258. There was agreement between Henry III and the barons to reform royal powers in 1258 and to cut through bureaucracy - esp. regarding writs in common law which were stifled by *chancery and its standardised procedures. A council was established responsible to the barons in parliament. It was also felt that centralised bureaucracy gave the king undue power to interfere in the process ofjustice (e.g. forbidding writs to be issued against family or friends), which clearly breached both spirit and letter of clause 40 of *Magna Carta. It was a technical matter, but with profound implications for justice and access to it. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • OXFORD (PROVISIONS D’) — OXFORD PROVISIONS D’ (1258) Ensemble de textes législatifs et de mémoires rédigés par un comité de vingt quatre membres réunis en parlement pour réformer le royaume et dont la moitié était nommée par le roi, l’autre par les grands féodaux.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oxford, Provisions of — (1258) Plan of reform accepted by Henry III of England. On the verge of bankruptcy, Henry asked Parliament for a grant of revenue and agreed in return to a program of reform drafted by a royal commission. Regarded as England s first written… …   Universalium

  • oxford — /oks feuhrd/, n. 1. Also called Oxford shoe, Oxford tie. a low shoe laced over the instep. 2. Also called oxford cloth. a cotton or synthetic fabric, in plain, twill, or basket weave, constructed on a pattern of two fine yarns woven as one… …   Universalium

  • Oxford — /oks feuhrd/, n. 1. 1st Earl of. See Harley, Robert. 2. a city in S Oxfordshire, in S England, NW of London: university, founded in 12th century. 116,600. 3. Oxfordshire. 4. a town in SW Ohio. 17,655. 5. a town in S Massachusetts. 11,680. 6. a… …   Universalium

  • Provisions d’Oxford — Provisions d Oxford Instituées en 1258 par un groupe de barons dirigés par Simon V de Montfort, 6e comte de Leicester, les Provisions d Oxford sont souvent considérées comme la première constitution anglaise. Les Provisions forcèrent le roi Henry …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oxford, Mississippi —   City   University of Mississippi, a.k.a. Ole Miss …   Wikipedia

  • Provisions of Westminster — Die Provisions of Oxford (deutsch: Bestimmungen von Oxford bzw. Provisionen von Oxford) vom Juni 1258 und die Provisions of Westminster von 1259 waren ein Reformprogramm, das dem englischen Hochadel weitgehende Rechte gegenüber dem König und zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Provisions of Oxford — The Provisions of Oxford were installed in 1258 by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester; these documents are often regarded as England s first written constitution. The provisions forced King Henry III of England to… …   Wikipedia

  • Provisions of Oxford — Die Provisions of Oxford (deutsch: Bestimmungen von Oxford bzw. Provisionen von Oxford) vom Juni 1258 und die Provisions of Westminster von 1259 waren ein Reformprogramm, das dem englischen Hochadel weitgehende Rechte gegenüber dem König und zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Provisions of Westminster — The Provisions of Westminster of 1259 were part of a series of legislative constitutional reforms which arose out of power struggles between Henry III of England and his barons. The king s failed campaigns in France (in 1230 and 1242), and his… …   Wikipedia

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